Inconel 625 is a nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy with excellent corrosion and oxidation resistance at high temperatures. This guide provides a comprehensive look at Inconel 625’s properties, applications, specifications, grades, suppliers, and pros/cons.
Overview of Inconel 625
Inconel 625 is a solid-solution strengthened nickel-based superalloy. Key features:
- Excellent corrosion resistance, oxidation resistance, and strength at high temperatures
- Maintains high tensile strength and creep rupture properties up to 1300°F (700°C)
- Withstands a wide range of severely corrosive environments and high stress -Used for applications like chemical processing, aerospace, marine, and heat treating
Its unique composition enables exceptional performance in demanding conditions.
Inconel 625 Composition and Properties
The major alloy elements in Inconel 625 provide its distinctive properties:
Inconel 625 Composition
Inconel 625 Propiedades
- Excellent tensile, fatigue, creep, and rupture strength at high temperatures up to 1300°F
- Resists a wide range of corrosive environments and acids
- Good oxidation resistance up to 2150°F
- Highly weldable for easy fabrication
- Good machinability compared to other nickel alloys
- No magnético
The balance of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum imparts Inconel 625’s unique combination of strength, corrosion resistance, and ease of fabrication.
Aplicaciones de Inconel 625
Key industries using Inconel 625 include:
Inconel 625 Applications
|Aeroespacial||Exhaust systems, thrust reverser systems, ducting, combustion cans, hangar clips|
|Procesado químico||Heat exchangers, valves, piping, condensers, reaction vessels|
|Marina||Propeller shafts, marine fasteners, sonar equipment|
|Petróleo y gas||Wellhead equipment, downhole tubing, valves, subsea components|
|Control de la contaminación||Scrubbers, precipitators, stacks, chimneys, ducting|
|Food/Pharmaceutical||Tubing, transfer piping, valves, processing equipment|
Inconel 625’s strength, corrosion resistance and high temperature performance make it ideal for demanding environments across industries.
Specifications and Grades
Inconel 625 is available in various product forms and meets international specifications:
Inconel 625 Specifications
|AMS 5599||Annealed||Annealed sheet, strip, and plate|
|AMS 5666||Solution annealed||Solution annealed superalloy bar, wire, and forging stock|
|AMS 5837||Annealed and aged||Tubing seamless and welded annealed|
|AMS 5879||Solution treated||Sheet and strip solution treated|
|AMS 5891||Precipitation hardened||Bar, forging stock and wire solution and precipitation treated|
Inconel 625 Product Forms
- Hoja – From 0.406 mm to 6.35 mm thickness
- Placa – Up to 152 mm thickness
- Bar – Rounds, squares, rectangles and hexagons
- Tubo – Seamless and welded
- Pipe – Seamless and welded
- Forging Stock – Rounds, blocks, shafts
- Alambre – Annealed, aged or cold worked
Inconel 625 is produced in all common wrought product forms for extensive applications.
Suppliers and Pricing
Inconel 625 is available from major alloy suppliers:
Inconel 625 Suppliers
|Haynes Internacional||Global nickel alloy manufacturer. Full range of Inconel 625 products.|
|Special Metals Corporation||Produces Inconel 625 in wrought forms. Distribution worldwide.|
|Aalco Metals||Stocks Inconel 625 plate, sheet, bar, pipe, fittings and flanges.|
|Goodfellow||Research and specialist alloys. Small quantity supplier of Inconel 625.|
|Eagle Alloys||Wide inventory of Inconel 625 plate, sheet, bar and tube.|
Inconel 625 Pricing
As a premium alloy, Inconel 625 has a higher cost than carbon steel or stainless steel:
- Inconel 625 Plate: $55 – $65 per kg
- Inconel 625 Sheet: $50 – $60 per kg
- Inconel 625 Bar: $45 – $55 per kg
- Inconel 625 Tube: $65 – $75 per kg
Pricing can vary based on quantity, product form, gauge/thickness, supplier and geographical region.
Comparison to Stainless Steel
While more expensive, Inconel 625 provides major advantages over stainless steel:
|Parámetro||Inconel 625||Acero inoxidable|
|Strength at high temperature||Excellent – retains strength up to 1300°F||Fair – strength declines above 600°F|
|Resistencia a la corrosión||Superior – resists wide range of acids, alloys, salts||Moderate – prone to pitting and crevice corrosion|
|Coste||2x to 5x more expensive||Lower material cost|
|Fabrication||Good weldability and machining||Easier to weld and machine|
|Work hardening||Low work hardening rates||Severe work hardening if overworked|
|Permeabilidad magnética||No magnético||Martensitic and ferritic grades are magnetic|
For critical applications, Inconel 625 provides superior performance despite higher cost. Stainless is more economical for less demanding uses.
Applications Pros and Cons
|Solicitud||Pros of Inconel 625||Potential Cons|
|High temperature heat exchangers||Withstands corrosion and oxidation at extreme temps||Cost is much higher than stainless|
|Equipos de procesamiento químico||Resists almost all wet and dry chlorine compounds||Difficult to cut or machine thick sections|
|Aerospace exhaust components||Maintains strength in hot exhaust gas environment||Requires age hardening for optimal properties|
|Subsea oil and gas components||Exceptional resistance to seawater corrosion and erosion||Susceptible to stress corrosion cracking above 500°F|
|Food/pharma tubing||Prevents metallic contamination of products||Low thermal conductivity compared to copper alloys|
Inconel 625 provides unmatched performance in harsh environments despite higher cost and fabrication challenges.
Preguntas más frecuentes
What is Inconel 625 used for?
Inconel 625’s key uses are in heat exchangers, chemical and food processing equipment, exhaust and emission systems, subsea oil and gas components, aerospace ducting and engine parts. It withstands extreme temperatures and corrosion.
Is Inconel 625 weldable?
Yes, Inconel 625 can be readily welded using GTAW and GMAW methods. Proper techniques should be followed to avoid weld cracking. Post-weld annealing improves ductility and strength.
What is the difference between Inconel 600 and 625?
Inconel 625 has higher molybdenum content for increased corrosion resistance and strength at high temperatures compared to Inconel 600. Inconel 600 is more oxidation resistant above 1000°C.
What is the melting point of Inconel 625?
The melting range of Inconel 625 is 2290-2460°F (1260-1350°C). It retains significant strength up to 1300°F.
Is Inconel 625 suitable for marine applications?
Yes, Inconel 625’s resistance to seawater corrosion makes it well-suited for marine components like propeller shafts, fasteners, sonar equipment. It also has good cavitation erosion resistance.
What is the density of Inconel 625?
Inconel 625 has a density of 8.44 g/cm3, which is slightly higher than stainless steel. The nickel and molybdenum content increases its density.
Inconel 625’s impressive properties make it the top choice for demanding applications, despite higher cost. Proper selection ensures it provides maximum performance and value.
With its carefully balanced nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloying, Inconel 625 offers an unmatched combination of high strength, outstanding corrosion resistance, and ease of fabrication. It performs well from cryogenic temperatures up to 1300°F in even the most aggressive environments. Key applications across aerospace, chemical processing, oil and gas, and other industries rely on Inconel 625’s capabilities. While costlier than stainless steels, its superior performance makes it an excellent investment for critical components and systems. Inconel 625 has become a trusted and widely-used superalloy thanks to its exceptional characteristics.